ISOLATION, IDENTIFICATION AND IN VITRO EVALUATION OF NATIVE ISOLATES OF Bacillus, Trichoderma AND Streptomyces WITH POTENTIAL FOR THE BIOCONTROL OF GRAPEVINE TRUNK FUNGI

Davies Arturo Morales Pizarro, Javier Javier Alva, Luis Armando Álvarez, Rocío Mayta Obos, René Aguilar Anccota, Ricardo Peña Castillo, Roger Chanduvi García, David Lindo Seminario

Abstract


Background: Biocontrol of grapevine trunk diseases (GTDs) is a friendly alternative to chemical control that cause resistance and contamination of the ecosystems. Objective: isolate native grapevine root and rhizosphere microorganisms with biocontrol potential of grapevine trunk fungi diseases. Methodology: The competition for substrate (CS) was studied with the Bell´s scale, contact time (CT) between the antagonist-pathogen (days) and the growth inhibition percentage (GIP). Results: Seven Trichoderma strains were isolated (from roots: Tr-1, Tr-2, Tr-3, Tr-6; and from rhizosphere: Tr-4, Tr-5 Tr-7); six Bacillus spp. (from roots: Bac-4, Bac-5, Bac-6; and from rhizosphere: Bac-1, Bac-2, Bac-3); and two Streptomyces sp. (Act-1, Act-2). The CS results evaluated with the Bell scale showed Tr-1, Tr-7, T.atv (Trichoderma atroviride) and T-22 (Trichoderma harzianum) were placed in class 1 against Lasiodiplodia theobromae and, all isolates were placed in class 1 against Campylocarpon pseudofasciculare and Phaeoacremonium parasiticum. The CT of Trichoderma was 2 days (L. theobromae) and 3 days (C. pseudofasciculare and P. parasiticum). In the antibiosis test, Tr-5 (Trichoderma) and Bac-3 (Bacillus) had the highest GIP values (>50%) against the different evaluated pathogens. The isolate Act-2 (Streptomyces sp.) presented a GIP, >70% (L. theobromae), and >40% (C. pseudofasciculare) and >30% (P. parasiticum). Implications: The use of biological control in the management of grapevine trunk diseases is an effective tool, and can be integrated into an integrated management strategy for these pathologies.  Conclusions: The native isolates Bac-3 (Bacillus spp.), Tr-5 (Trichoderma spp.), Act-2 (Streptomyces sp.) demonstrated in vitro control against the pathogens L. theobromae, C. pseudofasciculare and P. parasiticum, pathogens associated to grapevine trunk diseases.

Keywords


Antagonists; biocontrol; grapevine trunk fungi; rhizosphere; root; table grape.

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URN: http://www.revista.ccba.uady.mx/urn:ISSN:1870-0462-tsaes.v25i2.42065



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