FIRST REPORT OF THE WHITEFLY Trialeurodes ursorum Cockerell, 1910 (HEMIPTERA: ALEYRODIDAE) AND SEVERITY OF FUMAGIN Capnodium citri IN CITRUS TREES IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF VICTORIA, TAMAULIPAS, MEXICO

Ausencio Azuara-Dominguez, Ricardo Alvarez Ramos, Martha Lázaro Dzul, Haidel Vargaz Madriz, Oscar Sánchez Flores, Said Hernández Contreras

Abstract


Background: In Mexico, 164 species of whiteflies have been reported in different crops, among which are citrus varieties. Objective: In the present work, the whitefly species was identified and determined the population size of the nymphal state and adults in citrus trees. As well as, the severity of the sooty mold (Capnodium citri) in the leaves and fruits was quantified in a citrus orchard in the municipality of Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Methodology: Nymphs and adults of the whitefly were sampled in the citrus trees selected at random in a 500-hectare orchard. The specimens were identified with taxonomic keys of the whitefly species. Then, the size of the nymphal and adult population of the identified fly species was determined, and the percentage of severity of sooty mold in the leaves and fruits was quantified. Results: In the orchard, the whitefly species present on the trees was identified as Tetraleurodes ursorum Cockerell, 1910. Of this species, more than 75 adults were recorded on the leaves and fruits per tree, and an average of 20 nymphs per developing shoot per tree. In the case of the severity of C. citri, this was greater than 80% in 95% of the fruits and leaves per tree. Implications: The results of this study are very useful for the development of sampling and control strategies for T. ursorum that help prevent the spread of this pest insect in the citrus zone of Tamaulipas state. Conclusion: Based on the results, the focus of T. ursorum infestation in the study area represents a risk for citrus production in the municipality of Victoria, Tamaulipas. Said infestation may be related to the presence of insect host weeds, and possibly to the biological control of the pest insects and to the organic management of some citrus varieties in the orchard.

Keywords


whitefly; bud; citrus; damage.

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URN: http://www.revista.ccba.uady.mx/urn:ISSN:1870-0462-tsaes.v24i2.34098



Copyright (c) 2021 AUSENCIO AZUARA DOMINGUEZ, Ricardo Alvarez Ramos, Martha Lázaro Dzul, Haidel Vargaz Madriz, Oscar Sánchez Flores, Said Hernández Contreras

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