IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON COFFEE PRODUCTION

Jesús Guerrero Carrera, José Luis Jaramillo-Villanueva, Jorge Mora-Rivera, Ángel Bustamante González, Samuel Vargas López, Nestor Estrella Chulin

Abstract


Background. Exist various studies of the impact of climate change on coffee agroecosystems, which are addressed under different approaches that suggest direct and indirect effects on coffee production. Objective. Analyze the main works that have been carried out on the impact of climate change on coffee production based on vulnerability, changes in aptitude and suitability for production, pests and diseases, perception of producers and adaptation measures that have been implemented or proposed to deal with this phenomenon. Implications. In general, the results of the investigations glimpse a highly negative panorama for the production of coffee, since the changing climate will impose a greater pressure on this production system with direct consequences on the livelihoods of the producer. Conclusion. Due to the socioeconomic importance that this activity represents for the coffee producing countries and the complexity of the factors that influence the problem, more applied research is needed, which contributes to a better understanding of the problem and helps in the identification of risks and threats to generate timely adaptation and mitigation strategies to the potential impacts of climate change.

Keywords


Coffee; Climate change; Vulnerability; Adaptation; Perception; Migration.

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URN: http://www.revista.ccba.uady.mx/urn:ISSN:1870-0462-tsaes.v23i3.3288



Copyright (c) 2020 Jesús Guerrero Carrera, José Luis Jaramillo Villanueva, José Jorge Mora Rivera, Ángel Bustamante González, Samuel Vargas López, Nestor Estrella Chulin

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