EVALUATION OF IMPACT ON PRODUCTIVITY AND PROFITABILITY OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE BOVINE SYSTEM OF DOUBLE PURPOSE OF THE MEXICAN TROPIC

Jose Antonio Espinosa Garci­a, Alejandra Veléz Izquierdo, Venancio Cuevas Reyes, Sergio Fernando Góngora González, Raymundo Vazquez Gómez, Justo Alberto Rivera Maldonado

Abstract


The objective is to evaluate the impact on productivity and profitability of use of technological practices nutrition, reproduction, feed, health, enterprise management and management of the milking, promoted by the technical assistance received by the producers of the BDP system in the tropics of Mexico. 206 monthly information on production units (UP) dual purpose cattle was analyzed in the states of Campeche, Colima, Nayarit, Sinaloa and Veracruz who received technical assistance and training livestock during fiscal years 2011 and 2012 was captured stratification was obtained technological producers applying multivariate methods, with the resulting groups indicators milk production were estimated per cow per day (PLVD), daily weight gain (GDP), profitability (Re) and unit costs of milk (CUPL) and meat (CUPC) to assess the impact of technology through a univariate analysis and test averages. Two types of producers were identified: 1) low technological level (76%), which apply on average 33% of innovations; 2) intermediate technological level (24%), which use on average 66% of innovations. By comparing the productive and economic variables of the two types of producers, it was found that those who use more innovations get more milk production, 8% more profitability and save $ 1.42 per kg of meat produced. It is concluded that by applying more components related to animal nutrition, herd health and production unit management improves the profitability and productivity of BDP producers.

Keywords


Profitability; productivity; Stratification; Technological component; Technological index.

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URN: http://www.revista.ccba.uady.mx/urn:ISSN:1870-0462-tsaes.v21i2.2411



Copyright (c) 2018 José Antonio Espinosa García, Alejandra Veléz Izquierdo, Venancio Cuevas Reyes, Sergio Fernando Góngora González, Raymundo Vazquez Gómez, Justo Alberto Rivera Maldonado

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