EFECT OF THE INOCULATION OF Rhodococcus fascians AND Azospirillum halopraeferens IN GERMINATION OF PALO FIERRO (Olneya tesota A. Gray) UNDER GREENHOUSE CONDITIONS

Edgar Omar Rueda Puente, Maricela Duarte-Medina, Carmen Lizette Del Toro Sánchez, Bernardo Murillo-Amador, Jesús Ortega García, Pablo Rangel Preciado, Luis Guillermo Hernández Montiel, Jesús Borboa Flores, Francisco Javier Wong Corral

Abstract


The growth-promoting bacteria in plants (BGPB) are a group of different species of bacteria can increase plant growth and productivity. Which can benefit plants through their own bacterial metabolism (phosphate solubilizing, producing hormones or fixing nitrogen). At present, desertification is a growing phenomenon worldwide, afforestation is one of the common solutions to combat this problem. Trees for reforestation are initially grown in greenhouses or nurseries. Among numerous reforestation practices, there is an alternative that inoculation with PGPB. Is a forest species that is endemic Olneya tesota Sonoran Desert, which is in danger of extinction. The objective was to evaluate the effect of bacteria growth promoter in plants with Rhodococcuis fascians and Azospirillum halopraeferens on germination and emergence of Ironwood under four salt concentrations (0, 0.25, 0.5 and 0.75 M NaCl) under greenhouse conditions. Were obtained ironwood seeds in the region of Santa Ana, Sonora. Under greenhouse conditions was evaluated emergence percentage, germination rate, height, plant root length, fresh and dry weight of plant, number of bacterial cells attached to the root system, fresh and dry weight of the root. The results indicate that the germination percentage and other variables evaluated decreased as salinity increases. However, these changed positively to inoculation with bacteria R. fascians and A. halopraeferens.

Keywords


rhizospheric bacteria; nitrogen fixation; reforestation; salinity.

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URN: http://www.revista.ccba.uady.mx/urn:ISSN:1870-0462-tsaes.v20i1.1619



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