Hartojo Budi Purwanto, Sunarto Sunarto, Prabang Setyono, Mochamad Gamal Rindarjono, Aditya Arief Rachmadhan, Muchammad Bima Gegana Sakti, Andian Hidayat


Background. The need for water in Magetan Regency, Indonesia, continues to increase along with regional development. Objective. To identify the condition of the water balance and water critical index in Magetan Regency; and forming a regional development-based water management model in Magetan Regency. Methodology. Formation of a water management model based on regional development, both demographically and regional economic development (agriculture, livestock, fisheries, industry, and tourism), and the environment (river and lake maintenance). This study uses water availability data from seven watersheds. The water management model uses a dynamic system model, with an analysis coverage throughout the Magetan Regency area. The annual water balance of Magetan Regency shows that the water balance and water critical index of Magetan Regency are in near critical condition. Integrated water management is needed to avoid critical water conditions in Magetan Regency in the future. Results. Based on the results of model simulations with the application of policy simulations, the water balance in Magetan Regency during the period 2016 to 2030 is still in a near critical condition, but critical water conditions only occur during the 2018-2020 period. Implications. Critical water conditions in the future can be avoided by implementing policy scenarios. The policy scenarios include: (1) reforestation, planting 500,000 tree seedlings each year, (2) maintenance of rivers and lakes twice a year, (3) construction of a reservoir with a capacity of 5000 m3 each year. However, water availability is still fluctuating because the main factor for water availability is rainfall. Conclusion. the policy scenario is proven to be able to increase the availability of water in Magetan Regency.


water balance; water critical; dynamic system; reforestation; reservoir.

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URN: http://www.revista.ccba.uady.mx/urn:ISSN:1870-0462-tsaes.v27i1.51061

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.56369/tsaes.5106

Copyright (c) 2023 Hartojo Budi Purwanto, Sunarto Sunarto, Prabang Setyono, Mochamad Gamal Rindarjono, Aditya Arief Rachmadhan, Muchammad Bima Gegana Sakti, Andian Hidayat

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