SUSTAINABILITY TRAITS IN FAMILY PRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS SET BY INDIGENOUS IMMIGRANTS IN MORELOS, MEXICO

Hortensia Colin-Bahena, Katia Esmeralda Castro Rodriguez, Rafael Monroy-Martínez, Rafael Monroy-Ortíz, Alejandro Garcia Flores, Columba Monroy Ortiz

Abstract


Background. The social reproduction of indigenous migrants is adjusted to the receiving territory based on the work for the management of biocultural diversity. This study corresponds to the territorial unit "La Joya", in Ayala, Morelos, configured by indigenous people from the state of Guerrero. Objective. Explain the sustainability traits of family production systems (FPS) established by immigrants to Morelos in the last 20 years. Methodology. The sampling was 12.5% of the FPS, the difficulties of the languages and disposition of the informants were dissipated with ethnobiological techniques such as guided tours and semi-structured interviews, because they allowed to investigate the management of plants and animals, costs of labor work, use value and exchange value, the structure of the plants used, the number of eggs and laying cycle per year for the birds, and the destination of production, with this information an annual availability calendar of goods. The structure and ecological composition were obtained by sampling the total surface of 10 FPS. The attributes calculated were: species richness and abundances. The coverage of the plants, the house and the animal pens were located in Cartesian plans. With items from both approaches, the annual economic valuation of the management and of the production of each FPS was obtained, both integrated the environmental economic valuation. Results. Include eight management activities; the values of use of biocultural diversity were 11, the food with 47 species stands out. The composition is 96 plant species and 13 animals that provide goods for self-supply and sale throughout the year. Its economic valuation, including the family work that allows the conservation of FPS the reaches between one and 30 times the minimum salary. Implications. The social group studied comes from an área whit vegetation and a climate similar to the one that they immigrated to, which facilitates its biocultural reproduction in small lands, whose structure and composition of plants and animals is similar to that reported for communities originating from Morelos, both with sustainability indicators. Conclusion. The sustainability of the FPS is the result of social work aimed at the traditional management of biological diversity, which allows the sustained production of goods with use values for self-supply and exchange values that enter monetary resources, whose sum It shows the environmental economic efficiency, the environmental economic efficiency, the contribution to the survival and social reproduction of indigenous migrants.

Keywords


sustained production; family productive systems; territory; environmental economic assessment.

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URN: http://www.revista.ccba.uady.mx/urn:ISSN:1870-0462-tsaes.v24i1.32593



Copyright (c) 2021 Hortensia Colin-Bahena, Katia Esmeralda Castro Rodriguez, Rafael Monroy-Martínez, Rafael Monroy-Ortíz, Alejandro Garcia Flores, Columba Monroy Ortiz

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