BIOLOGICAL CONTROL STRATEGIES USED FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF ANTRACNOSIS CAUSED BY Colletotrichum gloeosporioides IN MANGO FRUITS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Tatiana Arboleda-Zapata, Ana Rosalba Diaz-Medina, Leonardo Alberto Rios-Osorio

Abstract


The mango (Mangifera indica L.) is one of the most produced tropical fruits in the world, however, during post-harvest it is affected by pathogens such as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, which causes mango anthracnose. Synthetic fungicides are generally used to control this disease, but prolonged use can cause health and environmental effects; Therefore, biological control emerges as an alternative for the management of this disease, given that it is considered an effective and safe technique. The objective of this study was to describe the biological control strategies used for the management of anthracnose caused by C. gloeosporioides in mango fruits from a systematic review of the scientific literature. The ScienceDirect, Scopus and Scholar Google databases were used. It was found that the largest number of publications were made in 2013 and 2017, with Ataúlfo and Tommy Atkins as the most studied mango varieties and Mexico was the country with the highest number of articles reported. The most studied biological control mechanism was the effect of functional groups of microorganisms on mycelial growth and the highest percentages of inhibition were reported for this mechanism, although the greatest number of reports on control mechanisms were of the category of antagonistic microorganisms. It is concluded that knowledge about the mechanisms used to control anthracnose will allow adopting more effective, practical and reliable measures; thus, managing to maintain mango quality during the storage, distribution and marketing period.

Keywords


Anthracnose; biological control; Colletotrichum gloeosporioides; Mangifera indica L; mechanism of action.

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URN: http://www.revista.ccba.uady.mx/urn:ISSN:1870-0462-tsaes.v22i3.2699



Copyright (c) 2019 Tatiana Arboleda-Zapata, Ana Rosalba Diaz-Medina, Leonardo Alberto Rios-Osorio

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