USE AND MANAGEMENT OF WILD MUSHROOMS IN FIVE COMMUNITIES IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF OCOYOACAC, STATE OF MEXICO

DANIEL DOMINGUEZ, J.I. Arzaluz-Reyes, C. Valdés-Valdés, N.P. Romero-Popoca

Abstract


The Ethnomycology, is described by Robert Gordon Wasson, as a branch of ethnobotany that is responsible for studying the relationship between people and fungi; However mycological knowledge and the uses to which they give these organisms have been little studied, especially in the State of Mexico. In this paper we described and discussed issues related to the use and management of the different cultural practices around fungi in five communities Ocoyoacac Township , whose population is mostly Otomi origin ; etnomicografía We did a through techniques as etnomicológicos tours and interviews with key informants and quality . The macromicetes appears collected were analyzed in the laboratory of Systematic Biology, Faculty of Sciences, and Autonomous University of the State of Mexico (UAEMex). The cultural importance of these organisms were analyzed using two techniques: Frequency and Order of Mention, was determined that the main food category is anthropocentric. A list of the mycobiota where 47 species of edible fungi, 45 names traditional of which 31 are in Castilian and 13 in Otomi. We observed the presence of different cultural patterns on aspects of traditional mycological knowledge.

Keywords


Ethnomycology; Category anthropocentric; Cultural significance; Mycological traditional knowledge.

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URN: http://www.revista.ccba.uady.mx/urn:ISSN:1870-0462-tsaes.v18i2.1905



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